Legal norms govern human behaviour in society. The authorities are responsible for preparing them either themselves or through bodies to which they delegate this competence. For example, parliaments in different countries are generally responsible for drafting and adopting laws. For example, a rule dealing with the solemnity of contracts according to which it is imperative to meet the requirements for the contract to be voidable. There is another classification called “Hartiana” proposed by the English legal philosopher Herbert Adolphus Hart. It distinguishes legal norms according to the same criteria, but in different ways: peremptory norms are peremptory laws that must be strictly observed. So far we have defined what legal norms are, now we will see their functions, elements and properties. Let us examine the two main functions of norms: In law, a peremptory norm is considered as the legal norm that has a content that legal subjects cannot do without, so that the normative regulation that is made of the matter has full validity regardless of the will of the individual. It is the way in which the legislator, through its powers, establishes a rule of law in an imposed manner or by sanctions within a regulatory system for its effective compliance that allows the company it represents to comply directly with it. Supplementary rules are those that apply in the absence of the rules applicable to them, i.e. the additional standard replaces or replaces the missing or insufficient standard for the act, transaction and obligation.
The concept of peremptory norm is opposed to that of positive norm, since in the latter case the norm and its content are subject to the principle of voluntary character and are mentioned, and its application is limited to cases where subjects do not regulate their relations in a sense other than that dictated by the positive norm. The existence of a hierarchical level gives additional importance to the various legislations. This level illustrates what the priority of one over the other is in case of conflict between them. This is the case with norms that classify or define acts, duties or obligations without imposing them. Legal norms have the ability to impose obligations, grant rights, and establish order between human interactions. There are norms or laws of the imperative, dispositive and complementary or complementary class, and we will try to define each of them. If there is a treaty or legal act for which there is no specific rule, another is used to compensate for the absence of a rule. To this end, it also applies to the concept of analogy, where a law can be applied to a case which, although not expressly regulated by that law, is applicable to it. Ignorance of the rules does not exempt citizens from complying with them. Even if you don`t agree with them. The answer to the question “What are legal norms?” is clear: they are rules that are supposed to regulate the behavior of individuals in society. This is the predominant form of rule, especially in public law.
It should be added that most of the rules of the different legal systems are binding, although in private law the autonomy of the parties is greater. It applies condition, character or sanction as a means or instrument of balance, so that its rules or laws are recognized and, on the contrary, respected in the field of competence. The different legal norms have one thing in common: their main characteristics are enforceable. In fact, thanks to them, they differ from other types of rules. Let us see what they are: they are created by the competent authorities of each State. Its main characteristic is that individuals must comply with regulations, and if they do not, it means a penalty. What are legal standards? As a definition, we can say that it is the different laws, regulations and norms that govern social and human behavior. The competent authorities are responsible for both implementation and enforcement.
This is how legal systems are constructed. It is only the sum of all the legal rules of this society. The rights conferred on citizens by legal norms may be invoked. Similarly, non-compliance results in penalties that depend on the importance of the standard. For example, stealing from an inhabited house is not the same as stealing food from a store. These are rules that do not bind anything, but simply define something, and that thing must obey a mandatory law, such as the law that sets the requirements for collateral title. Mandatory law is imposed before the will of the parties. It is fulfilled, even if the parties mutually wish that this is not the case. The peremptory norm usually imposes obligations or establishes prohibitions. There are many ways to classify legal norms. Here are some of the most important categories: For their study, laws are divided into mandatory, determinative and complementary laws that allow us to understand in which cases they can be applied.