Contracts or leases where both parties still have obligations to perform. If a contract or lease is enforceable, a debtor can take it back (keep the contract) or reject it (terminate the contract). The Sentencing Reform Act 1984 abolished probation in favour of a particular penal system, in which the level of punishment is determined by penal directives. Now, without the possibility of parole, the court-imposed jail sentence is the actual time the person spends in prison. A jury or judge decision that determines the guilt or innocence of a defendant or determines the final outcome of a civil proceeding. A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence of a convicted accused. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to submit its claim to a debtor`s future wages. In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him. Reference value in a data series at the most common and frequent value.
In a frequency distribution diagram, the peak represents the mode. The mode of series 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 6 is 4 because it occurs most often. There may be one mode or two modes called bimodal series, or even more modes called multimodal series. Generally refers to two events in individual bankruptcy cases: (1) the “individual or group briefing” of a nonprofit budget and credit advisory agency, which individual debtors must participate in before filing under a chapter of the Bankruptcy Code; and (2) the “Personal Financial Management Course” in Chapters 7 and 13, which an individual debtor must complete before debt relief is registered. There are exceptions to both requirements for certain categories of debtors, urgent circumstances, or if the U.S. trustee or receiver has determined that there are not enough licensed credit counselling agencies available to provide the required advice. Mighty Buildings, based in Oakland, California, has emerged from stealth mode worth $30 million in venture capital. Fashion is the most general term and refers to any type of clothing, behavior, writing, or appearance preferred at a particular time or place. In the context of mathematics and statistics, the mode of a set of values is the most frequently repeated value in the set. In contrast, the median is the average number in a set of values when those values are organized from smallest to largest. The word average refers to what is informally called the mean – the sum of a set of values divided by the number of values.
Want to know more? Read the full breakdown of the difference between mode, median, mean, and mean. An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. The nature of the procession was somewhat outside the usual order of these matters; But so was marriage. A legal procedure to deal with the debt problems of individuals and companies; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code. Similar to an injunction, it is a short-term order issued by a judge prohibiting certain actions until a full hearing can be held. Often referred to as TRO. When you hear your angry words, aggressive tone, and high voice, and you see your brow furrowed, the on-board computer goes into “soothing” mode as it was programmed when it detects that you are angry. A panel of 16 to 23 citizens who listen to the evidence of criminal charges presented by the prosecutor`s office and determine whether there is a probable reason to believe that a person has committed a crime. See also Indictment and United States Prosecutor.
When the man grabbed her and threw her to the ground, Monet went into survival mode. A court decision in a previous case with facts and points of law similar to a dispute currently pending in court. Judges generally “follow precedents,” that is, they use principles established in previous cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was ill-decided or that it differs significantly from the current case. The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court; Chief justices are determined by seniority, a function of federal courts that takes place early in the criminal justice process — after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before they appear before the courts. Pre-Investigation Service officials are focusing on investigating the background of these individuals in order to assist the court in deciding whether to release or detain them pending trial. The decision is based on the likelihood that these individuals will flee or pose a threat to the community. If the court orders release, a pre-trial officer supervises the person in the community until the person returns to court.
Joint and Multiple is a legal term used to describe a partnership or other group of persons in which each named person bears equal responsibility. In statistics, the most common value in a set of numbers or data points. In numbers 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 4, 9, 6, 8 and 6, the mode is 6 because it appears more often than any other number. (See mean; compare mean and median.) Imprisonment for two or more offences to be served simultaneously and not consecutively. Example: Two five-year prison sentences and a three-year term if served at the same time result in a maximum of five years behind bars. The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by statute. You may be in crisis mode right now, but it`s not a place to stay forever.